Institute for democracy, within the framework of the program “Citizens against corruption”, made qualitative research, to obtain information about citizens’ perceptions of corruption, as well as more knowledge about the motivations and obstacles for their active participation in the fight against corruption.
From the insights gained from the participants’ thoughts in focus groups on various issues, it can be concluded that the mass awareness of anti-corruption efforts significantly motivates individuals to actively engage in or support these initiatives. The awareness that identified and sanctioned cases of corruption positively influences the motivation to report or support activities aimed at combating corruption. A significant motivational factor for participants is the sense of security that they are safe from repercussions if they publicly express their opinions; according to this finding, regularly informing citizens about available channels for anonymous reporting of corruption and sharing information about resolved corruption cases would contribute to increasing citizens’ trust in systemic solutions for combating corruption.
For the purposes of the analysis, eight focus groups were conducted with a total of 80 citizens from all regions of the country, with one focus group in each region. During the formation of the groups, an effort was made to ensure equal gender representation among the participants. The focus groups were conducted between August 10 and 25, 2023. The participants discussed several topics related to corruption – what corruption is for them, how corruption affects society, which are the key institutions affected by the problem of corruption, and what are their views on the role of the citizens and various stakeholders in resolving this issue.