The process of harmonization between the European Union acquis (hereinafter: EU) and the legislation of the candidate country, which aspires for EU membership, is one of the basic requirements for acceptance of the candidate countries as EU members. When a draft law has the purpose of aligning the domestic legislation with the EU acquis, the Rules of Procedure of the Parliament of candidate countries include common practice of allowing the law to be reviewed in a fast-track procedure. If this type of harmonization is the objective, the draft law bears the EU logo (known to the public as the “European flag”).
The adoption of laws using the fast-track procedure is a key method of dealing with extraordinary and urgent occurrences, aimed at efficient amending of bulky laws and for harmonization with the EU legislation. However, a broad interpretation of the article that allows this procedure can result in abuse, that is, an intentional circumvention of a parliamentary debate.
The purpose of this analysis is to provide a comparative overview of North Macedonia with the neighboring candidate countries – Albania and Serbia – and their practices in adopting laws using the fast-track procedure, with a special reference to laws adopted with the European flag.