This study analyzes the degree of proportionality between the distribution of votes and parliamentary seats in the Macedonian electoral model. In comparison to 31 other European countries, the Republic of North Macedonia is distinguished by (significantly) above-average proportionality based on three key elements of electoral models: constituency size (sharing sixth place from 32 states), the (non-)existence of an electoral threshold and its possible height (sharing first place), and the number of MPs (sharing sixth place). The only exception is North Macedonia’s electoral formula, which is the least proportional – but also the most common – (d’Hondt’s) formula in Europe.
Given the current electoral model’s high proportionality, this study challenges some of the arguments of the proponents for an electoral reform toward (even) higher proportionality. Following existing research about the negative aspects of highly proportional electoral models, we argue that the eventual implementation of a (even) more proportional electoral model could seriously jeopardize the formation and stability of the executive, thus (further) weakening Macedonian democracy.
Read the study here:
North Macedonia on the European Electoral Map: How Proportional is the Macedonian Electoral Model?