The oversight role of the Parliament is key to ensuring increased accountability and transparency of the executive branch. Given the number and scope of the functions performed by the government, the risk of corruption is significant and therefore MPs as representatives of the citizens should put to use the available mechanisms.
This text deals precisely with one of the preventive measures in the fight against corruption that is available in the parliamentary democracies in the region. Namely, the forms through which the Parliament supervises the national anticorruption institutions in: the Republic of North Macedonia, the Republic of Serbia, the Republic of Albania, the Republic of Kosovo, the Republic of Montenegro and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina are being reviewed.
In five out of the six Western Balkan countries included in this overview,the parliaments do have a role in anticorruption oversight. Namely, the parliamentary oversight is absent only in the Republic of Albania. In the Republic of North Macedonia, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the legal framework provides for parliamentary oversight of anti-corruption.
The bodies that perform parliamentary oversight differ mainly in the scope of the areas that fall within the scope of their work. In the cases of Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, narrow and targeted parliamentary oversight is observed. In North Macedonia, Serbia and Kosovo the oversight is done by assembly committees that work on a wider range of areas.
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