The political pressure, the lack of independence and capacity of the institutions – main challenges in the fight against corruption in the region
One of the conclusions from the analysis of the current conditions and corruption challenges in South East Europe countries is that there is a political pressure on the work of the institutions, the judicial system and the national anti-corruption agencies, in most of the countries in the region.
The lack of political will for corruption management, the insufficient institutional capacity and the lack of independence of the agencies, hinders the anti-corruption policies enforcement. This results with the highest level of political corruption, which is hard to explore due to the enormous political immunity of the officials.
Other research challenges constitute the lack of transparency in financing the political parties, the non-transparency in administering and distributing the state budget, especially in the process of public purchase, as well as the conflict of interest and its weak legal regulation.
The private interests have a significant economic influence and can exercise external pressure, reflecting in the course of control. Corruption spreads its influence in the economic flows, most often withholding the foreign investors, who do not have a positive perception on developing and broadening their business in the SEE countries.
Apart from these problems, the analysis also points out the positive efforts of establishing institutional bases for corruption management.
The research is made by the SELDI network, in which the Institute for Democracy “Societas Civilis” – Skopje, the Macedonian Center for International Cooperation (MCIC) and the Ohrid Institute for International and Economic Strategies (OI). It is conducted in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. The findings are gathered from analysis of secondary data in each of the countries.
The SELDI network will prepare strategies, widening the partnerships to develop even more comprehensible fight against corruption and developing a cooperation between the governmental and the civil sector as main actors, which can and must affect the conditions.
The analysis is prepared within the project “Civil Society for Good Governing and Anti-corruption in Southeast Europe: Building Capacities of Monitoring, Advocacy and Raising Public Awareness”, financed by the European Union.
The regional review of the analysis in Macedonian language and the entire analysis in English language are hereby attached.
20 March 2014